SPICE Design of 6F5P SET AmplifierAuthor: Dmitry Nizhegorodov (dmitrynizh@hotmail.com). My other projects and articles
1. AbstractIn this article we SPICE several SingleEnded Triode (a.k.a SET) designs all based on 6F5P tube, delivering clean 2W of SET power from only .7 VRMS input. 6F5P is a triode/pentode combo, the pentode section is triodeconnected.
2. Introduction6F5P is a Russian TV deflection triode/pentode combo tube, somewhat like ECL85/6GV8. If the pentode section is connected in triode mode, the tube provides a great playground for experiments with 2stage SET designs on a dime. Why a "dime"? First, both stages are inside of one tube just slightly large in diameter than a dime, with the necessary aux parts, excluding the power supply and the output transformer, fitting under the tube socket. Second, the tube is not very expensive.To start SPICEing designs based on 6f5p, we need SPICE triode models for both sections of the tube. Below are the models I obtained matching Koren Improved Triode Model against plate curves published by E.Karpov [2] using my interactive model parameter finder [3]. See curves at [1].
.SUBCKT 6F5P_T 1 2 3 ; P G C (Triode Part) + PARAMS: MU= 73.16 EX= 1.668 KG1= 522.9 KP=353.07 + KVB= 519.0 VCT= 0.60 + CCG=3.5P CGP=1.8P CCP=.25P RGI=2000 E1 7 0 VALUE={V(1,3)/KP*LOG(1+EXP(KP*(1/MU+(VCT+(VCT+V(2,3))) + /SQRT(KVB+V(1,3)*V(1,3)))))} RE1 7 0 1G G1 1 3 VALUE={(PWR(V(7),EX)+PWRS(V(7),EX))/KG1} RCP 1 3 1G ; TO AVOID FLOATING NODES IN MUFOLLOWER C1 2 3 {CCG} ; CATHODEGRID C2 2 1 {CGP} ; GRID=PLATE C3 1 3 {CCP} ; CATHODEPLATE D3 5 3 DX ; FOR GRID CURRENT R1 2 5 {RGI} ; FOR GRID CURRENT .MODEL DX D(IS=1N RS=1 CJO=10PF TT=1N) .ENDS On this SPICE plot, the red line is the driver section's issipation limit = .5W. Recommended quiescent point biasing is 1V to 1.5V.
6f5p's driver is a tiny triode, yet with a strong bite. Its curves are similar to 6an4, except 6f5p is much more linear. Its Mu and Rp are a close match to 6an4. Of course, it can not work on the same sections of the curves and its Rp at 2.5 mA is a fraction of 6an4's at 10 mA. The driver section is very interesting, the power section, hooked in triode mode, is even more interesting.
.SUBCKT 6F5P_PT 1 2 3 ; P G C (Pentode Part in Triode Mode) + PARAMS: MU= 7.49 EX= 1.622 KG1=1336.3 KP= 59.91 + KVB= 120.0 VCT= 0.00 RGI=2000 + CCG=11P CGP=.7P CCP=8P E1 7 0 VALUE={V(1,3)/KP*LOG(1+EXP(KP*(1/MU+(VCT+V(2,3)) + /SQRT(KVB+V(1,3)*V(1,3)))))} RE1 7 0 1G G1 1 3 VALUE={(PWR(V(7),EX)+PWRS(V(7),EX))/KG1} RCP 1 3 1G ; TO AVOID FLOATING NODES IN MUFOLLOWER C1 2 3 {CCG} ; CATHODEGRID C2 2 1 {CGP} ; GRID=PLATE C3 1 3 {CCP} ; CATHODEPLATE D3 5 3 DX ; FOR GRID CURRENT R1 2 5 {RGI} ; FOR GRID CURRENT .MODEL DX D(IS=1N RS=1 CJO=10PF TT=1N) Reminds 45, 2a3 or 300B curves? The comparison may sound silly, but do not laugh out loud yet. Plate curves of RCA 2a3 aligned with 6f5p:
Almost ideal match, except due to its 40% higher Gm the bias lines are 5.7V of 6f5p for every 10V of 2a3. In other words, the 2.5K loadline presented on the curves will be driven exactly similarly by both tubes (same distortion) yet a driver needs to deliver 40% less swing to drive 6f5p. To be exact, 2a3 needs 87 VPP, as shown; 6f5p needs only 50VPP. Is this too good to be true? In one sense yes  2A3 can continuously dissipate 16W, yet 6f5p's power section can handle 1112W (plate plus screen) at most. Please note, though, that this translates to a very small difference in SET amp's output, and is a fair price to pay for tiny 6f5p delivering the quality of 2a3 at a fraction of cost. 2 wellmatched 6f5p running in parallel can outperform a 2a3. The designs presented here are aimed at use of Russian TV audio transformer TWZSH, which we represent with the following SPICE model:
.SUBCKT TWZSH 1 2 3 4 +PARAMS: LPRIM=10 LLKG=.016 RPRIM=300 CPRIM=.1nf WRATIO = {114/3000} .PARAM LRATIO= {WRATIO * WRATIO} .PARAM QFCTR= {LPRIM/LLKG} ; QFACTOR. RS1 1 2 1000K RP1 1 11 {RPRIM} LPleak 11 12 {LLKG} LP1 12 2 {LPRIM} CS1 12 2 {CPRIM} LP2 4 3 {LPRIM*LRATIO} KALL LP1 LP2 {11/(QFCTR)} ; COUPLING .ENDS 3. Condenser coupled, simpleFirst design is a conventional capcoupled 2stage design. For simplicity and to obtain more power out of the driver, we run it with the same voltage that is fed to the power stage.
The following is distortion data with various values of the load resistor of the first stage. Input sensitivity of the amplifier is pretty good  2W of output corresponds to ~ .7VRMS input.
Similar variations in distortion patterns can be obtained if biasing resistor R3 changes by + 10..15 %. An article describing physical implementation of this design is here: 6f5psetimpl.htm, The article contains real measurments very much in sync with these SPICE results.
4. DC coupledThis is a DC coupled design tuned for minimal distortion. Changes of driver stage B+, its load, bias and power stage bias affect this local spot quite greatly, and the value will be different for different tubes due to varying mu, bias and other tube parameters.
5. DC coupled, "tower"TBD
6. DRDTBD
7. Parallel connectionsHere's what happens when one can perfectly match several 6f5p tubes. Perfect match is in a sense discussed in [4].
7.1 Dual caseThis way a SET built with two parallel 6f5p is much equivalent to a 2a3 SET
7.2 Quad caseThis way a SET built with four parallel 6f5p is a lot similar to a 300b SET.
8. References[1] http://www.tubes.ru/techinfo/GlassTubes/6f5p.html[2] http://www.nextpower.net/nexttube/DataSheets/tubes/6f5p.djvu [3] http://www.dmitrynizh.com/tubeparams_image.htm [4] paralleltriodes.htm SPICE experiments with parallelled tube stages.
Author: Dmitry Nizhegorodov (dmitrynizh@hotmail.com). My other projects and articles
